Depression is one of the most progressive diseases in the modern world, due to a combination of a state of increased stress and genetic predisposition.
Classification of depression and the causes of their occurrence:
Psychogenic, exogenous depression is the body’s response to a specific stressful event.
Endogenous depression – developing against the background of a genetic predisposition.
Neurotic depression – obsessive, asthenic or hysterical manifestations are characteristic. Combines uncertainty in decision-making, sudden outbursts of intransigence and a sense of undervaluation.
Circular depression . Often a reaction to seasonal changes. An example is the autumn depression caused by changes in the amount of light, atmospheric fluctuations and changes in hormonal levels. As a treatment, a course of antidepressants is often used, which allows you to bring the amount of serotonin and melatonin to the required level.
Postpartum depression . It develops within a few weeks after childbirth. The main reasons are abrupt hormonal changes, increased anxiety for the condition of the newborn, a weakened body. It manifests itself in the form of emotional instability, disturbed sleep patterns, feelings of anxiety, detachment from the child. Treatment of postnatal depression is based on the methods of cognitive-behavioral therapy and, if necessary, the use of a course of antidepressants and hormonal therapy. In this case, the treatment is based on an individual approach to each particular case.
Factors causing depression
In essence, the cause of psychogenic depression is a strong emotional overstrain, which means the possibility of the development of depression and against the background of joyful events, which happens much less often. Often, the causes of psychogenic depression are severe disorders caused by the loss of a loved one, stress at work, severe overwork, etc. This type of depression develops against the background of “obsession”, the difficulty of accepting life, after the event.
Often, such depressive states pass after the resolution of the stressful situation, as a result of competent psychotherapy , but in cases where the event that occurred is only an impetus to the development of endogenous depression, it is important for specialists to differentiate psychological and internal factors in a timely manner.
In the case of endogenous depression, the development of the disease can take place without a specific reason that can provoke a deterioration in the condition and is based solely on internal processes caused by heredity or hormonal disorders. Sometimes depression is provoked by other diseases – alcoholism, drug addiction, bulimia and other diseases that can negatively affect the psychological state of the patient.
Self-deprecation, a sense of one’s own powerlessness is characteristic
Depending on whether it belongs to an endogenous or psychogenic nature, depression is treated in a variety of ways to maximize its impact on the underlying cause of the disorder.
In cases where the psychogenic nature of depression is established, methods of analyzing the situation, and its emotional and logical overcoming, are used.
In situations of endogenous depression, a course of antidepressants is widely used, with regular monitoring of the patient’s condition, and it is also possible to use a course of hormonal therapy.